The Canes Film Festival is film festival performed every year in Cannes, France. The festival previews new films from all the countries of all genres including documentaries. The festival was founded in 1946, and has been held every year at the Palais des Festivals et des Congrès ever since, the festival requires you to be personally invited in order to attend. Until 2002, it was known as the International Film Festival.
This festival represents a big opportunity for European films. Cannes “became…extremely important for critical and commercial interests and for European attempts to sell films on the basis of their artistic quality” according to Jill Forbes and Sarah Street. Cannes Film Festival allows countries to measure their cinematic quality in front of the European artists. Known as a massive private event, it’s attended by the most popular of celebrities, movie stars, and top-notch guests. It’s a very popular festival to announce and showcase movies to the biggest distributors from all around the world.
The festival features multiple rounds of different awards. In fact, it’s an extensive award session, with a lot of different activities and awards. The Palme d’Or (“Golden Palm”) is the most precious award of this festival, and it’s given out to the Best Film. The awards handed out include:
- Golden Palm (Palme d’Or)
- Grand Prize of the Festival (Grand Prix)
- Jury Prize (Prix du Jury)
- Best Short Film (Palme d’Or du court métrage)
- Best Actress (Prix d’interprétationféminine)
- Best Actor (Prix d’interprétation masculine)
- Best Director (Prix de la mise en scène)
- Best Screenplay (Prix du scénario)
- Young talent, innovative and audacious works (Prix Un Certain Regard)
- Student films – Cinéfondation prizes
- Best first feature film (Caméra d’Or)
Given by Independent Entities
- International Federation of Film Critics (Prize Prix de la FIPRESCI)
- Directors’ Fortnight Prizes
- Awarded to a technical artist by the CST (Prix Vulcain)
- International Critics’ Week Prizes
- Prize of the Ecumenical Jury
- François Chalais Prize
- Best documentary film (L’Œil d’Or)
- Palm Dog, for best canine performance.
- Queer Palm, for LGBT-related films.
Additionally, the festival features a lot of other activities. These activities vary in a very wide cultural range, events, selections, and other. The Cannes Film Festival is organized in the following sections:
The Official Selection: Principal event of the Cannes Film Festival
In Competition: The twenty films competing for the Palme d’Or. They are projected in the Théâtre Lumière.
Uncertain Regard: Twenty films selected from cultures near and far; original and different works. They are projected at the Salle Debussy.
Out of Competition:These films are also projected in the Théâtre Lumière but do not compete for the main prize.
Special Screenings: The selection committee chooses for these films an environment specially adapted to their particular identity.
Cinéfondation:About fifteen shorts and medium-length motion pictures from film schools over the world are presented at the Salle Buñuel.
Short Films: The shorts competing for the Short Film Palme d’Or are presented at the Buñuel and Debussy theatres. There are approximately 10 films in this competition.
Parallel Sections: Non-competitive programme
Cannes Classics: It celebrates the heritage of film, aiming to highlight works of the past, presented with brand new or restored prints.
Tous les Cinémas du Monde: It showcases the vitality and diversity of cinema across the world. Each day, one country is invited to present a range of features and shorts in celebration of its unique culture, identity and recent film works.
Caméra d’Or: It rewards the best first film of the Festival, choosing among the debutants’ works among the Official Selection, the Directors’ Fortnight and the International Critics’ Week selections.
Cinéma de la Plage: Screening of Cannes Classics and Out of Competition films for the mass public on Macé beach, preceded by a programme dedicated to film music
Events: Overall events
Marché du Film:The busiest movie market in the world.
Masterclasses: Given in public by world-renowned filmmakers.
Producers Network: An opportunity to make international co-productions.
Tributes:Honors internationally renowned artists with the presentation of the Festival trophy following the screening of one of their films.
Exhibitions: Each year, an artist, a body of work or a cinematographic theme becomes the focus of an exhibition that diversifies or illustrates the event’s programme.
Other Sections: Held by external organizations
International Critics’ Week
ACID (Association for Independent Cinema and its Distribution)